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THE PERSIAN CARPET (Qali)

  •   Written by Sady Qavipisheh
  • Category: Art
  • Hits: 1258

The Persian Carpet(Rug) is an essential part of Persian art and culture. Carpet-weaving is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of Persian culture and art, and dates back to the Ancient Persia (c.500 BC). Iranian Qali is an artistic design created by artist’s understanding and imagination extracted from his natural environment manifested in a framework of arts and mathematical knowledge, Geometry, Painting, Architecture, Poetry, Literature, Religious beliefs, Nature, Myth and History. The art of rug weaving in has its roots in the culture and customs of its people and their instinctive feelings. Weavers mix elegant patterns with a myriad of colors. The Iranian carpet is similar to the Persian garden: full of florae, birds, and beasts. Carpet weaving art was developed after Safavid age too, and Iran was the pioneer of this art in the world as before. It is worthy of mention that carpet is considered as a furniture and sometimes the only one by Bakhtiari and Qashqai tribal people and also by civilians. Iranian carpet has been considered as an indication of the wealth and social rank of its owner. Nomadic tribes used carpets to cover the floor of their tent and also used it as the outset of their tent. To weave a Civic carpet, first the design is copied on the paper .A primary design is needed by weavers which is drawn by carpet designer. The colors are usually made from wild flowers, and are rich in colors such as burgundy, navy blue, and accents of ivory. The proto-fabric is often washed in tea to soften the texture, giving it a unique quality. Depending on where the rug is made, patterns and designs vary. And some rugs, such as Gabbeh, and Gelim have a variations in their textures and number of knots as well. In Iran, Persian rugs have always been a vital part of the Persian culture. Iranians were some of the first people in history to weave carpets. First deriving from the notion of basic need, the Persian rug started out as a simple/pure weave of fabric that helped nomadic people living in ancient Iran stay warm from the cold, damp ground. As time progressed, the complexity and beauty of rugs increased to a point where rugs are now bought as decorative pieces. Because of the long history of fine silk and wool rug weaving in Iran, Persian rugs are world-renowned as some of the most beautiful, intricately designed rugs available. Around various places in Iran, rugs seem to be some of the most prized possessions of the local people. Iran currently produces more rugs and carpets than all other countries in the world put together.

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