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MINA-KARI (Enamel)

  •   Written by Sady Qavipisheh
  • Category: Art
  • Hits: 990

Enamel working and decorating metals with colorful and baked coats is one of the distinguished courses of art in Isfahan . Mina, is defined as some sort of glasslike colored coat which can be stabilized by heat on different metals particularly copper. Although this course is of abundant use industrially for producing metal and hygienic dishes, it has been paid high attention by painters, goldsmiths and metal engravers since long times ago. The art of Minakari or Enameling is referred to as ‘‘Art of Fire and Earth“a well as the decoration of metal and tile with mina glaze and baked and bright colors dating back to 1500 BC. Metallic containers were made from different metals, the most important of which are: gold, silver, copper, bronze, brass, iron, aluminum and chrome. Because of the facility of making metal sheets, the above mentioned metals were widely used to decorate jewellery and making different wares. Minakari and Tarsee are two main artistic fields flourished by the use of such sheets. Tarsee means inlaying gems, stones and metals on previously mentioned metallic surfaces considering the proportion among the color and form of the applied pieces. Studies about Minakari have revealed that some kind of Mina known as Bysans is derived from Iranian Mina. The oldest left samples of Minakari attest that Minakari originated from Iran and spread world wild. In the Mongol era, there was a new style of metalworking and enameling in Iran. In this style, Islamic forms and pictures were replaced by Mongolian royal figures and wears. Specifically, the art of metal inlaying reached to its zenith in Timur’s period. In Safavid period, Minakari art and metalworking underwent some changes. Silverware was decorated by specific reliefs such as party and combat, royal hunting and horse riding scenes. Minakari art benefited some Islamic and floral designs and the red color was mostly used.

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